In cartilaginous and ray-finned fish, it consists primarily of red pulp and is normally somewhat elongated, as it lies inside the serosal lining of the intestine. The spleen is a reservoir of blood and when needed, blood can be ‘squeezed’ out and enter the circulation. Eventually, it can become painful. Here are a few tips: If you do develop an enlarged spleen, follow the treatment plan your doctor recommends. While it is an important organ , it can be removed when necessary without causing death. The spleen can also become injured or rupture immediately after a hard hit to the abdomen, a rib fracture, or other accident. The spleen is made up of two types of tissue – the white and the red pulp – and they each serve a different function. With the central role the spleen plays in cleaning and managing the health of your blood, the spleen can be affected by diseases of other organs. An enlarged spleen is usually detected during a physical exam. But you’ll need to take extra precautions to prevent infections. If your spleen enlarges too much, it can rupture. The spleen plays multiple supporting roles in the body. Spleen Functions In Chinese Medicine Spleen function takes what comes from the Stomach, and transforms it into Blood, fluids and Energy (‘Qi’), then transports these round the body. The spleen is part of your lymphatic system, which fights infection and keeps your body fluids in balance. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? © 2005 - 2020 WebMD LLC. As part of the lymphatic system, the spleen serves multiple major and inter-related functions involving the body’s blood supply; however, despite the significance of what it does, the body can survive without it.2 If removed or damaged, the liver, bone marrow, lymph nodes, and other surrounding organs can take up some of what it does. Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. The spleen has a few important functions: It fights any invading germs in the blood (the spleen contains infection-fighting white blood cells). Steps to Take, The Spleen (Human Anatomy): Picture, Definition, Function, and Related Conditions, Blood Disorder Types, Symptoms, and Treatments. This can lead to removal of the spleen. The spleen plays an important role in your immune system response. It acts as a filter for blood as part of the immune system. The spleen sits under your rib cage in the upper left part of your abdomen toward your back. An enlarged spleen may not cause symptoms at first. The spleen also acts as the primar… Many conditions — including infections, liver disease and some cancers — can cause an enlarged spleen, also known as splenomegaly (spleh-no-MEG-uh-lee).An enlarged spleen usually doesn't cause symptoms. It’s also responsible for making substances that play an important role in inflammation and healing. You can live a normal, healthy life without a spleen. It is a soft, purple, vascular organ, shaped like a small smooth rounded catcher's mitt with notches on the upper front edge. It may accidentally filter out normal red blood cells and platelets, leaving fewer healthy blood cells in your body. Your spleen's main function is to act as a filter for your blood. It is possible to have the spleen removed and live a healthy life. The organ also plays an important role in storing and releasing certain types of immune cells that mediate tissue inflammation. In many amphibians, especially frogs, it has the more rounded form and there is often a greater quantity of white pulp. The difference between healthy and unhealthy blood cells is measured in microns, which means any change in the shape of your blood cells can affect the ability of your spleen to function. The white pulp produces white blood cells, called lymphocytes, which play an important role in the body’s protection against infections. The spleen is the largest lymphoid organ and has a crucial function in the immune system. Get the statistics on survival rates, find out the most common symptoms, diagnostic options, and treatments. The spleen controls the level of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets (small cells that form blood clots) It serves important immune functions. And if you do get sick, it can take longer than usual for you to recover. It can become significantly larger when a person is sick or injured. As far as position of spleen in human body is concerned, it is located in the upper left part of our … The sigmoid vein, also called the vena sigmoideus, refers to one group of sigmoid veins. More recently, it was found that the spleen acts as a storage space for monocytes, highly aggressive forms of white blood cells, which become macrophages at the site of infections to eat pathogens and prevent tissue damage. Accessory spleen: About 10% of people have a small extra spleen. This fist-shaped, oblong organ is purple, and it weighs about 6 ounces in healthy individuals. It recognizes and removes old, malformed, or damaged red blood cells. However, in some people — especially those who are slender — a healthy, normal-sized spleen can sometimes be felt during an exam.Your doctor may confirm the diagnosis of an enlarged spleen with one or more of these tests: 1. Avoid contact sports and other high-impact activities until cleared by your doctor. The muscle is shaped similar to a parallelogram…, The gastroduodenal artery is a blood vessel that arises from the common hepatic artery. It's often discovered during a routine physical exam. Use a condom every time you have sex with a new, untested partner to protect you from sexually transmitted infections. All rights reserved. The spleen is composed of two types of tissues: the red pulp, which filters the blood, and the white pulp, which contains white blood cells that regulate inflammation and the body’s response to infection. The lymphatic system helps remove cellular waste, maintain fluid balance, and make and activate infection-fighting white blood cells for … Old red blood cells are recycled in … Instead, the spleen is connected to your blood vessels, with an artery that brings blood to it and a vein which takes the blood away. (Moderate drinking means no more than one drink a day for women, and two for men.). The red … In many instances, the spleen enlarges as it performs its normal functions. One major function is that this organ filters blood, removing foreign bodies, microbes, and faulty red blood cells (R… This is possible because other organs, such as the liver and bone marrow , can perform filtration functions in the body. The spleen performs several helpful functions for the body, including making antibodies, removing bacteria, removing old red blood cells, breaking down waste products of red blood cells, recycling iron for use in new red blood cells, and holding a reserve of red blood cells and immune cells which the body can use in case of emergencies. However, medical supplementation is often needed in such cases. Although the spleen is an important organ, it is not vital for human survival. It plays an important role- in the body’s defense against infection. Mayo Clinic: "Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly).". The spleen most importantly protects against infections from polysaccharide-encapsulated bacteria including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae type B, Neisseria meningitidis, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Klebsiella, and group B Streptococci (SHiNE SKiS) 2). © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. The spleen is part of your body’s lymphatic system. The human spleen is about the size of a fist and is tucked under the left ribcage. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The spleen serves a critical role in immune function because it purifies the blood and helps the immune system to recognize and attack foreign pathogens and allergens. The spleen is a lymphatic organ that performs the valuable function of filtering blood. The spleen functions as part of the immune system and contributes to the production and storage of blood cells as part of the circulatory system. The lymphatic system helps remove cellular waste, maintain fluid balance, and make and activate infection-fighting white blood cells for the immune system. If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation to protect your liver and avoid cirrhosis. The OALD dictionary defines the organ as: Your spleen is a small organ located on the left side of your abdomen under your rib cage. While the spleen is useful and does perform vital tasks, other organs in the body also work to filter the blood and fight infection, and blood cells are mainly produced in the bones. Yes, you can live without your spleen. However, one of the main functions of the spleen … Many causes of an enlarged spleen, such as cancer or blood cell abnormalities may be unavoidable. This is particularly important for people who suffer from heart problems, as monocytes are instrumental in repairing heart tissue following a heart attack. bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections such as syphilis, blood cancers such as Hodgkin’s disease, leukemia, and lymphoma, metabolic disorders like Gaucher’s disease and Niemann-Pick disease, a blood clot in a vein of the spleen or liver. The spleen is an organ containing blood vessels and lymph nodes. It is usually located on the right side of the body, extending from the cecum…. It contains white blood cells that fight germs. All rights reserved. The spleen sits in the upper left part of your abdomen. Other conditions that cause an enlarged spleen include: When your spleen enlarges, it can’t filter your blood as efficiently as it once did. Gayer, G. British Journal of Radiology, 2001; vol 74: pp 764-772. It helps remove old and damaged blood cells, and it produces infection-fighting cells to protect your health. Many different conditions can cause the spleen to enlarge, especially diseases that cause blood cells to break down too quickly. Old red blood cells are recycled in the spleen, and platelets and white blood cells are stored there. The function of spleen is to make new red blood cells and destroy old cells. This causes no problems and is considered normal. Learn more about your spleen: https://wb.md/31itxLVIt's that organ right behind the stomach and under the lungs, but honestly what does the spleen do? 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