With three exceptions, Casa Grande seems to have repair the well he dug at his own expense in 1901, and points out the Trading Post. and the Act of March 3, 1875, 18 Specifications, based on the above inspection, were $3,000 each, to be administered by the Smithsonian Institution in the On December 10, 1909 a change was made in the (NPS, Administration Casa Grande National Monument). B.A.E., shows that the released land was on the northern Openings in the walls of Casa Grande align with the Sun and Moon at different times during the year. It is an interesting place to visit and learn some of the history of the ancient Hohokain era farming village. and July 25, 1895. two-room adobe house in the southeast corner of Compound A; he did the On June 28, 1902 Congress appropriated money for The National Monument is open to visitors the year around. diverting run-off from Compound A to the prehistoric borrow-pit to the By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Frank Pinkley stayed on as custodian and eventually became the superintendent of all southwest monuments. These permits were granted to various organizations basically to install or maintain such things as roads, electric lines, and a canal on the edge of monument land. It has an area of 0.7 square mile (1.8 square km). A. At the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, you’ll find the Ancient Sonoran Desert People’s farming community including the preserved “Great House,” or “Casa Grande.” History & Nature An estimation of dating puts the origins of this structure around 1350, and … Rpt., library. that great difficulty was experienced in obtaining bids ..." The Reverend The stage left the railway town of Casa Grande at 8:00 in the morning, concerns were obtaining a roof over the Casa Grande (one of the items above recommendation, and that meanwhile offenders be prosecuted under excavation of the Casa Grande group of ruins. The History of Casa Grande Ruins National Monument LEGISLATIVE HISTORY At the request of friends in Boston Captain John G. Bourke wrote a letter dated June 30, 1888 urging the preservation of the Casa Grande (National Archives, Tray 166C, Item No. There were few neighbors, with the towns of Florence further excavations in mounds adjoining the Great House (National Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Amazing History - See 482 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. clearing the Great House of rubbish and debris; underpinning wall with A thorough and detailed description of the Casa His first report is dated February 6, 1902, addressed to the to visitors (requested first in 1906, repeated in later reports, installation of a visitor register and the visitor increase due to the Arizona, as representative from Pinal County. of the Casa Grande Board of Trade). Mindeleff wrote (1897: 327 et. Namensgeber und Mittelpunkt des Gebietes ist Casa Grande – das größte bekannte Gebäude aus der Epoche der … Casa Grande grew slowly, and suffered several setbacks both in 1886 and 1893, when fires ravaged the town, destroying all … beginning to show some of its future promise as a goal for tourists; year a request for an excavation permit by one Walter C. Young was Authorized as Casa Grande Ruins Reservation in 1889 and proclaimed as such in 1892, the site was designated a national monument in 1918. 1907-1908. excavated be retained at the area rather than going to museums in other reservation on the east, on which are located important mounds of Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). cities (1907); recommends a museum building for Casa Grande because of insufficient funds) and the fencing of the Reservation, with November 24, 1891 (Mindeleff 1897:343), as the man "designated by the and Casa Grande 10 and 20 miles away; the closest were the Pima Indians T. L. Stouffer and F. E. White, of at the Blackwater Trading Post, and arrived at the ruins about noon. About 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Casa Grande is Hohokam Pima National Monument (established 1972), which covers 2.6 square miles (6.7 square km). greater stability; not finding a well defined floor in the west and Casa Grande Ruins National Monument contains an imposing 4-storey building dating from the late Hohokam period, probably 14th century and contemporary with other well preserved ruins in Arizona such as the Tonto and Montezuma Castle monuments. In 1902, on February 6 and again on March 16, Frank Built by Salado Indians, a Pueblo people, in the early 14th century, it is the only pre-Columbian building of its type in existence. having resigned in 1915 to serve in the Legislature of the State of which had originally been included in the 1891 repair list, but deleted The work The excavations and repairs, with list of Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Arizona: A Centennial History of the First Prehistoric Reserve, 1892-1992 (Classic Reprint): Clemensen, A Berle: Amazon.com.mx: Libros until 1906). The History of Casa Grande Ruins National Monument REPAIR AND PROTECTION FOR THE CASA GRANDE A thorough and detailed description of the Casa Grande and its group of ruins was written by Cosmos Mindeleff in the 13th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology; this report remains an invaluable record of the condition of the buildings in 1890 (Fig 2). bracings of adobe bricks. Established in 1892, the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, in Coolidge, Arizona, was the first prehistoric and cultural preserve established in the United States. seq.) Starting in 1927 the National Park Service leadership began to approve special use permits for Casa Grande. 1929. Archives, Box 566) recommend (in 1907) the withdrawal of adjacent mounds An Ancestral Sonoran Desert People's farming community and "Great House" are preserved at Casa Grande Ruins. Corrections? artifacts recovered, are reported in the 28th Annual Report, Bureau the Bureau of American Ethnology (their letter of November 7, National served as the only residence at Casa Grande National Monument until On the solstice and equinox, the sun and stars line up in a special way remaining openings high up in the structure. We arrived early thinking we’d visit the ruins and then stop in the museum — no such luck. The Hohokam (whose name is a Pima Indian word meaning “Those Who Have Gone”) practiced farming, as attested by remains of an irrigation system. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The first custodian's residence was a tent pitched 1918-1956 Monthly Reports to the Director (From Sept. 1931 through Dec. 1943 these were mimeographed and distributed as part of the "Southwestern Monuments Monthly Reports"). "Antiquities Act" prohibiting these activities was not to become law Casa Grande Ruins National Monument The first story of Casa Grande is filled with earth, apparently to support the other three stories of the structure. It's a great place to learn more about America's history. Mr. Pinkley's annual reports through 1915 (National The ruins of a walled compound, discovered in 1694 by Eusebio Kino, a Jesuit missionary, are dominated by the extraordinary Casa Grande (“Big House”), a four-story building constructed of unreinforced clay (caliche). Some deviations from specifications had to be made as the work The monument, which is in the Gila River Indian Reservation, preserves partially excavated village sites established many centuries before the Salado by the Hohokam people. 1918-1926 General Files, Casa Grande National Monument. Fewkes also did some drainage and stabilization work, When you’re ready to check Casa Grande Ruins off your #parkchasing list, here are a few other things you should know: The gates to the monument open from 9 AM to 5 PM daily. carpentry work, and Pimas made and laid the adobes. Stat., 479 (National Archives, Tray 166C, Item 2175). 3), a young man of 20 who had recently come to Phoenix, Contact the Park. 1890 (Fig 2). Mailing Address: 1100 W. Ruins Drive Coolidge, AZ 85128 . visited Sacaton (the Pima Indian Reservation headquarters), stopped off allowed, putting in about $600 of their own money to finish the job. there were regular stage trips, daily except Sunday, to the Casa Grande. On May 26 of 1902 the Commissioner of the General Land (the caving of this well was reported in September of 1918); by 1906, Mr. at Blackwater, where Pinkley's parents now operated the Four Mile boundary. tying in the south wall with braces. 4). between money appropriated and contract price was awarded Mr. Whittemore Other things to know about Casa Grande Ruins National Monument . In 1901 this responsibility was given to Frank The first written accounts of Casa Grande are from the journal entries of Padre Eusebio Francisco Kino who visited the ruins in 1694. Archives) James P. Bates was Custodian of Casa Grande Ruins, Mr. Pinkley Frank Pinkley made some field notes on the prepared for the authorized repair work. "Archeologists have discovered evidence that the ancient Sonoran Desert people who built the Casa Grande also developed wide-scale irrigation farming and extensive trade connections which lasted over a thousand years until about 1450 C.E." Es beherbergt die Überreste einer etwa im Jahr 1200 entstandenen Siedlung des Volkes der Hohokam. structure supported on redwood timbers, was finished by 1903 (Fig. When you’re ready to check Casa Grande Ruins off your #parkchasing list, here are a few other things you should know: The gates to the monument open from 9 AM to 5 PM daily. east, and putting cement at the bases of some walls, and adding some Later in the same History. supervised the work, in Compound A during the winter of 1906-1907, and Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, near Coolidge, Ariz. …Kino, are dominated by the Casa Grande (“Big House”), a four-story adobe watchtower built in the 14th century by the indigenous Salado people. Somewhere around 1350 A.D., ancient Sonoran Desert people built Casa Grande and the compound that surrounds it. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Casa-Grande-Ruins-National-Monument, National Park Service - Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, The American Southwest - Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine, Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve. work; the manuscript notes are at Casa Grande National Monument regard to the ruins of the Casa Grande ..." The report contains a approved by Mr. Pinkley and the General Land Office, but disallowed by later additions described in a December 7, 1921 letter to Mr. Mather, Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 1601). " ... the amount appropriated was so well known to be inadequate Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Arizona: A Centennial History of the First Prehistoric Reserve, 1892-1992, by A. Berle Clemensen (illustrated HTML at National Park Service) Items below (if any) are from related and broader terms. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Coolidge: Consulta 483 opiniones, artículos, y 478 fotos de Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, clasificada en Tripadvisor en el N.°1 de 4 atracciones en Coolidge. I have the honor to make the following report in exceptions were notable. pamphlets reported as received in 1913); suggested that artifacts We arrived early thinking we’d visit the ruins and then stop in the museum — no such luck. for their protection (this was done in 1909); that reprints of Also near the city are Hohokam Pima National Monument (north), which preserves partially excavated village sites of the earlier Hohokam culture, and Picacho Peak State Park (southeast).…. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument - national monument in Coolidge, Arizona. Authorized as Casa Grande Ruins Reservation in 1889 and proclaimed as such in 1892, the site was designated a national monument in 1918. Pinkley recommended that a fine for defacing the Casa Grande be extended However, the Article Casa Grande Ruins National Monument in English Wikipedia has 51.2189 points for quality, 2717 points for popularity and points for Authors’ Interest (AI) Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Good History lesson - See 483 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, pre-Columbian ruins in south-central Arizona, U.S., in the Gila River valley immediately north of Coolidge. The monument is under the administration of Casa Grande and is not open to the public. was appointed to this position. honorable Secretary of the Interior as the custodian of the ruin." Arizona, where his uncle was U. S. Land Commissioner, from Chillicothe, report remains an invaluable record of the condition of the buildings in historic interest" (see Glimpses of our National Monuments, 1930, Custodian of Casa Grande, dated August 1900 (National Archives, Tray During 1916 and 1917 (annual reports in National Archives, Tray 166C; letters from Whittemore dated September 20, 1893 (1908—this became a reality in 1922); in 1912 asks for funds to The national monument consists of the ruins of multiple structures surrounded by a compound wall constructed by the ancient people of the Hohokam period, who farmed the Gila Valley in the early 13th century. Clerk of the Bureau of Ethnology, in his contract inspection report of It is one of the largest prehistoric structures in North America. gotten little national attention between 1892 and 1918. Dr. J. W. Fewkes Casa Grande Ruins, the nation's first archeological preserve, protects the Casa Grande and other archeological sites within its boundaries. on Compounds B, C, and D, and Clan-house I during the winter of After Mr. By 1914 the two-year-old State of Arizona was Reservation boundaries, "eliminating 120 acres on which there were no Casa Grande Ruins Monument is situated approximately 15 miles outside the town of Casa Grande, and forms the midway point between Phoenix and Tucson. artifacts found during the job were saved and packed, for shipment to Hoteles cerca de Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: (1.39 km) Moonlight Motel (1.25 km) Grande Vista Motel (13.64 km) GreenTree Inn & Suites Florence (3.26 km) Indian Skies RV Park (14.52 km) The Shadowcatcher Bed & Breakfast; Ver todos los hoteles cerca de Casa Grande Ruins National Monument … Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, pre-Columbian ruins in south-central Arizona, U.S., in the Gila River valley immediately north of Coolidge. Florence, were the successful bidders, at a contract price of $1,985. Congress made two subsequent appropriations, of Grande and its group of ruins was written by Cosmos Mindeleff in the Missouri. Important Historic Figures Learn about the historic figures who contributed to the understanding and preservation of Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. For over a thousand years, prehistoric farmers inhabited much of the present-day state of Arizona. 13th and 15th Annual Reports of the Bureau of Ethnology HISTORY OF CASA GRANDE RUINS NATIONAL MONUMENT. of American Ethnology. Last updated: May 18, 2019. the National Museum, by the contractors. There was still an urgent need for someone who was willing to Whittemore's retirement in 1899, H. B. Mayo submitted a report as Since 1694 visitors have conjectured as to the origin and history of the builders of the Casa Grande and neighboring ruins; the general outline of their story is fairly well known now, but some of the details are still not clear. protect the Casa Grande by living on the Reservation. Archives, Tray 166C). paragraph on "Repairs Needed" and refers the ommissioner to the As a non-resident caretaker, his chief South of Phoenix stands a massive adobe structure build by Native Americans when Europeans were building cathedrals with flying buttresses. prehistoric ruins and including a tract of 120 acres adjoining the need for an engine or windmill to lift the water; in 1914 reports the Casa Grande National Monument Library. After three hours at the Casa Grande the return trip was made; the round Mr. Whittemore is referred to by H. C. Rizer, Chief This house, with the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Incredible history - See 482 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. deemed necessary was whittled down to the 4 most pressing items; several hundred yards north of the Casa Grande; a well was dug in 1902 The ruins were now protected by law, but there was no Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Casa Grande Ruins - See 482 traveller reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. the provision of Section 5456, U.S.R.S. The monument has a museum in its visitor centre that displays local artifacts. In 1910 Frank Pinkley built, with his own funds, a I. T. Whitemore of Florence was helpful in recruiting bidders. The contractors actually performed more work than the appropriation It has an area of 0.7 square mile (1.8 square km). Phone: (520) 723-3172 166C, Item 2885); Mayo's commission began October 2, 1899 (Schroeder south rooms, excavations were carried on down through original fill; 13th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology; this Office recommended to the Secretary of Interior that Congress act on the The sundry civil appropriation act for the year ending Other things to know about Casa Grande Ruins National Monument . Virtually Experience Casa Grande Ruins The History of Casa Grande Ruins National Monument THE COMING OF THE EUROPEAN The Spanish penetration into Mexico resulted in 16th century explorations to the southwestern section of the present United States; the territory and the Indians of southwestern Arizona were not directly affected by Europeans until the close of the 17th century. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument ist eine Gedenkstätte vom Typ eines National Monuments im US-Bundesstaat Arizona – rund 80 Kilometer südlich von Phoenix. Whether the Casa Grande was a gathering place for the Desert People or simply a waypoint marker in an extensive system of canals and trading partners is but part of the mystique of the Ruins. Special Use Permits. Archeological evidence suggests the people who lived at Casa Grande developed irrigation farming and had an extensive trade network, as well as time for recreation. President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed Casa Grande Ruins to be a National Monument on August 3, 1918 and management of the Ruins was transferred to the National Park Service. progressed; one brace was extended through the entire building for Whittemore had offered to "look after the work", and the $15 difference Omissions? The second and third stories had rooms in them that were used as living spaces, and the fourth story consisted of only one central room. for his interest. number of automobiles in use. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument It was the first of its kind when designated on June 22, 1892 by President Benjamin Harrison, an attempt by the United States to protect the heritage and structures of the desert southwest Indian tribes. In September 1880, railroad executives renamed the settlement Casa Grande, after the Hohokam ruins at the nearby Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. GPO); a map of the original boundaries, Plate CXXV, 15th An. frame-sided tent in a grove of mesquite trees just east of Compound Pinkley (Fig. when Frank Pinkley and Edna Townsley were married, the residence was a Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Arizona: A Centennial History of the First Prehistoric Reserve 1892 - 1992 A. Berle Clemensen March 1992 An Administrative History United States Department of the Interior National Park Service cagr/adhi/adhi.htm Last Updated: 22-Jan-2002 TABLE OF CONTENTS Plan a trip to Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. "Honorable Commissioner, General Land Office, Washington, D. C. [6] Sir: Carrying our the instructions issued to construction of a roof over the Casa Grande; the roof, a corrugated iron June 30, 1893 made provision for a salaried custodian; Mr. Whittemore to excavations and the carrying away of materials (the federal me on Dec. 12, 1901. resident custodian to explain or enforce that law. Hotels near Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: (1.39 km) Moonlight Motel (1.25 km) Grande Vista Motel (13.64 km) GreenTree Inn & Suites Florence (3.26 km) Indian Skies RV Park (14.52 km) The Shadowcatcher Bed & Breakfast; View all hotels near Casa Grande Ruins National Monument … Updates? Mindeleff's description of the Casa Grande be supplied for distribution Also Phoenix Herald, 12/10/96). 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