Hearing of this plot, Muhammad dug a trench around the city of Medina. populations in 3. However, the Jews and Christians rejected his message, and he became hostile towards them. The first source is the Qur’an, the inspired text of Islam. What was the relationship of Christ to the Jews? 60, Verse 274. 6, bk. ©2002 - 2020 Site developed by TheReligionofPeace.Com All Rights Reserved . them, and drive them out of the places whence they drove you out, for First 240 Years: While it would be simpler to declare that there is no comparison between Jesus and Muhammad, in many ways, as shown below, Jesus was the antithesis of Muhammad, or Muhammad the antithesis of Jesus. note: a measure of the quality of soil] for you; so approach your tilth when or how you will” (Surah 2:223). Muhammad accepted his judgment, and the next day, according to Muslim sources, 700 men of the Banu Qurayza were executed. the same. Are Jesus and Muhammad the same? Following the path of Muhammad leads one down the road of the sword. their land Christianity was spread through the preaching of gospel message. Christ often sharply rebuked those who spoke out against Him (Matthew 12:22-32), or He pointed out their error (Matthew 7:37-50, 9:10-12, 12:9-14), or He allowed his character to speak for itself (Luke 19:1-10). note: the direction that should be faced for prayer]. Christianity and Islam differ in their fundamental views in regard to the nature of their religion, their beliefs about the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus. What is found in the Quran about Jesus is that his teaching conformed to the prophetic model: a human sent by God to present both a judgement upon humanity for worshipping idols and a challenge to turn to the one true God. The Qur’an allows a man to marry up to four wives (Surah 4:3); however, Muhammad received a special revelation from Allah that he may have more (Surah 33:50). These messages were later collected into the Koran , the holy book of Islam. (Quran 2:216), "Do not take revenge, my friends, Gabriel came to Muhammad and ordered him to read his message. However, other than the fact that both are center stone of their religion and that they spearheaded their religion, they have very little in common. Ibid., 107. Is…, It's not every day that religion appears as a front page story in today's newspapers, particularly on a regular basis. In His famous Sermon on the Mount, Jesus praised those who make peace by teaching, “Blessed are the peace makers for they shall be called the sons of God” (Matthew 5:9). Peter exhorted husbands to honor their wives and treat them as co-heirs of eternal life (1 Peter 3:7). Muhammad sent messengers throughout Arabia and neighboring countries, ordering them to convert to Islam or suffer the consequences. 7, bk. 34. Jesus, on the other hand, came back to life three days after he was crucified and confirmed dead by Roman executioners. Jesus never took money from people, never robbed caravans, never had slaves and captives. something to give to the needy." But Allah knoweth, and ye know not." Muhammad did not fulfill any biblical prophecy except the ones about false teachers (Matt. It is apparent that the lives and teachings of both men were significantly different.  the religion. Muhammad ordered his followers to kill apostates, even if they had good reasons for leaving Islam. The apostle John writes of Jesus that “He came to His own, and his own people did not receive him” (John 1:11). The letters of the New Testament written by His disciples also serve as a historical source. Muhammad and Jesus lived remarkable yet radically different lives.  'It is mine to avenge; I will repay,' says the Lord. from Dallas Theological Seminary, and a Doctorate of Ministry (D.Min.) A cautious sensible man could be led astray by some of you.” The women asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! In a recent meeting of evangelical…, All of us are trying to learn more about Islam, but sometimes political correctness has clouded our thinking about Islam. Although some were frightened by their vision of God or the angels before them, they were not violently handled. murdered by fellow Muslims. What has developed over the years was authored by later followers of Islam. 6, No. {7} Allah eventually forgave Muhammad but gave him a stern warning recorded in Surah 17:73-75. In his early teens, Muhammad worked in a camel caravan, following in the footsteps … Seeing their hopeless situation, the Meccans surrendered to Muhammad.  is hungry,  feed him... '" Ishaq records that since Muhammad did not want anyone in his tribe to discover that he was possessed, he resolved to go to the top of a mountain and commit suicide. and ye The reason is simple...Jesus is The Son of God. Ibid., 675. His impact on Muslim life cannot be overestimated, since he served as both religious and political head of Medina: prophet of God, ruler, military commander, chief judge, lawgiver. Muhammad and Jesus book. For it is Christ who claimed to be the divine Son of God, and He is the only one who confirmed His claims through His sinless, miraculous life, death, and resurrection from the dead. 1, bk. Several traveled with Jesus and ministered to Him and His disciples (Luke 8:1-3). They were less valuable; thus, sons received a double portion of inheritance than daughters, and men could have multiple wives or sexual partners. 17. However, the two responded very differently to their opposition. However, He never stopped reaching out to them in love and, in the end, cried over the city of Jerusalem, knowing the judgment that was coming upon them (Matthew 23:37). There is more than historical proof that both, Jesus and Muhammad actually lived. Christ focused on the inner transformation of the heart and mind of the individual which would result in righteous living (Matthew 5:8, 6:21, 15:8, 18). 992), "Love your neighbor and pray for those who persecute you." {35} (For more, please read my article “Jesus in the Qur’an”). not the purpose of this site to promote any After luring Ka’b into meeting, Maslama and his companions stabbed him to death and presented his dead body to Muhammad who then praised the men. Phipps makes a comparison between Muhammad and Jesus in order to promote understanding between Muslim and Christian followers. The Prophet Muhammad sought to erase any distinctions between the message he taught and that taught by Jesus, whom he called God’s “spirit and word.” Prophet Muhammad said: “Both in this world and in the Hereafter, I am the nearest of all people to Jesus, the son of Mary. non-believers]...and fight them until persecution is no more, and Muhammad then received a revelation rebuking them, saying Allah and Gabriel would back him up. Pat lives in Honolulu, Hawaii and can be reached at pat@evidenceandanswers.org. Jesus is the central figure of Christianity, while Muhammad is the central figure of Islam. John Esposito, Islam: The Straight Path, (New York: Oxford Press, 1988), 13-14. Throughout Islamic history, Muslims have had conflict with the Jews and Christians. Muhammad taught, “Your wives are as a tilth [Ed. 6, bk. Ishaq records, “We met the workers of Khaybar coming out in the morning with their spades and baskets.”{21} Muhammad and his men killed 93 men during the raid. In contrast, Jesus valued women, and the teachings of the New Testament have been the foundation for improving the status of women throughout the world. 6 . {9} The booty collected from the raids was distributed among his men. Through His death and resurrection, Jesus defeated Satan and the demonic hosts. Muhammad and Jesus were considerably different in the way they treated and valued women. The Birth of Jesus (3 BC-33 AD) Historians have yet to pinpoint the exact date Jesus was born.December 25th has traditionally been celebrated by Christians as the birthday of Jesus. 29. The Qur’an speaks of both Muhammad and Jesus as prophets of Allah. Paul stated in Galatians 3:28, “There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.” Paul also exhorted husbands to “love your wives as Christ loved the church and gave Himself for her” (Ephesians 5:25.). . Early in his preaching, Muhammad appealed to the Jews and Christians, hoping to win their acceptance. the ideological threat that Islam poses to human dignity and freedom, It's much easier to act as if critics of Islam have a problem with Muslims as people than 301, narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri. At the age of forty, Muhammad received his first visitation from the angel Gabriel. 22. that ye love a thing which is bad for you. Umar was worried that he had committed a sin, but Muhammad reassured him saying, “Two goats won’t butt their heads about her.”{17} On another occasion Ishaq records that Muhammad killed two girls who wrote satirical songs about him.{18}. Most were written prior to AD 70 while some, like 1 Corinthians, were written as early as AD 55. So even in the Qur’an, Jesus performs greater works than Muhammad. 32. Steve Cable writes that Christ-followers can use some intriguing verses in the Koran as a way to bring the gospel of Jesus Christ to Muslims. Pat is a popular conference speaker and he also serves as an adjunct faculty for several colleges and institutes worldwide. and the hypocrites! In his final moments, Muhammad died in the arms of Aisha. In 622 he … persecution [of Muslims] is worse than slaughter [of Christ’s disciples followed the example of Christ. This article focused on the lives of Muhammad and Jesus. Jesus said: He who lives by the sword will die by the sword . (Ephesians 4:28), "Ye are the best of peoples, (1 Corinthians 13:4-5), Mercy toward fellow Muslims - Give alms, as I have seen that the majority of dwellers of Hell-fire were you (women). Their examples influenced their early followers and continue to influence followers today. . One condensed version of a narration provided by Imam Dr. Usama al-Atar draws on classical sources as follows. Muslims believe that both of these Prophets, Muhammad and Jesus, actually met each other. Then the apostle delivered him to Muhammad b. Maslama and he struck off his head, in revenge for his brother Mahmud.”{22} After Kinana’s death Muhammad took his wife Safiya and married her. Muhammad resorted to the use of force while Jesus pursued the path of peace. {4} However, his wife and her cousin Waraqa, an Ebionite Christian, encouraged him that he was not possessed but rather a prophet of God. TROP is not trying to A peace of being reconciled back to God. Muhammad ordered his followers to torture a man named Kinana to find out where some money was hidden. Islam claims that God’s revelation began with the Jews, was built upon by the Christians, and culminates with Islam. . "I will cast terror into the hearts of those who Finally, the physical and spiritual well-being of a woman was not within her own power, but instead was dependent upon her submission to her husband. Islamic historians record that Muhammad married eleven to thirteen wives. What kind of lives did they live? charity tithe (zakat) Plano TX 75075 . Jews believe that God presented special revelation to them through the prophets and the Old Testament. 8, no. He believed that he was a prophet in the lines of the Old and New Testament prophets and apostles. (Romans 2:1), "Allah promiseth you much do not be harsh with them." Rather, Christians are called to reflect the character, mindset, and attitude of Christ (1 Corinthians 11:1, Philippians. Muhammad asked, “Who will rid me of Ibnu’l-Ashraf?” A young man named Muhammad Maslama volunteered to kill the poet. During his thirteen years preaching in Mecca he preached a message of tolerance towards other religions as he sought to win the favo… Further information about Probe's materials and ministry may be obtained by contacting us at: Probe Ministries 62, no. In the case of Jesus, Muslims believe that his mission was to the people of Israel and that his status as a prop… Thy Lord is the most beneficent, who taught by the pen, taught that which they knew not unto men.” After this the angel Gabriel departed.{2}. Muhammad’s relationship with his wives and consorts and his teachings reflect his attitude toward women. 28. fell into armed warfare against each other. This work will present a brief overview and highlight key events in the lives of each person as we explore that which can be learned from their examples. dislike it. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. However, the two men dealt very differently with their critics. Four major battles were fought between Muhammad and the Quraysh armies of Mecca. In contrast to Muhammad, Christ never exacted revenge on those who criticized Him. Also, men are allowed up to four wives, and sex with slave girls is also allowed (Surah 4:3). However, Christ chose to forgive and even love those who hated Him. He married her when she was seven and consummated the marriage when she was nine. Ibid., 515. Soon after Muhammad married Zaynab. Ibn Ishaq records several of Muhammad’s dealings with those who criticized him. 24. They must even ensure that their Jesus fulfilled biblical prophecy about being the Messiah. .  character; and character, hope" particular religion, such as the claim that Muhammad  and Jesus preached a He believed Allah fought for him to bring about victory (Surah 3:123-125, 8:9, 12-13). despite tremendous persecution. However, TROP does enjoy refuting nonsense, Islamic scholar John Esposito writes, “Muslims look to Muhammad’s example for guidance in all aspects of life: how to treat friends as well as enemies, what to eat and drink, how to make love and war. {20} At the time, Muhammad was in his fifties. One reason is that women are not able to pray during their menstrual cycles: “‘Isn’t it true that a woman can neither pray nor fast during her menses?’ The women replied in the affirmative. In contrast to Muhammad, Jesus preached, “Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you” (Matthew 5:44). Ibid., 367-68. Following in the footsteps of Christ will lead one to righteousness and eternal life. 13. Also, the Hadith further reinforces this teaching the inadequacy of a woman’s intellect as follows: The Prophet said, “Isn’t the witness of a woman equal to half of that of a man?” The women said, “Yes.” He said, “This is because of the deficiency of a woman’s mind.”{27}. They should be loved I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers. 25. he must make himself last of all and servant of all." : How We Can Know That Jesus is God, The Old Testament and Other Ancient Religious Literature, The Value of Christian Doctrine and Apologetics, The Value of Suffering: A Christian Perspective, improving the status of women throughout the world, Breaching the Barriers of Islam: Sharing Christ with Muslims, Islam and Christianity: Common Misconceptions Reveal Their Stark Differences, Islam in the Modern World: A Christian Perspective, Politically Incorrect Guide to Islam and Terrorism, What is Islam? He was raised by his grandfather and later by his uncle. First 240 Years: On the contrary: 'If Ibid., 71-72. 6, bk. Ishaq, 382. 16. To sustain his growing army and impress the Quraysh in Mecca of his growing power, he raided commercial caravans on their way to Mecca. His final words were, “May Allah curse the Jews and Christians, for they built the places of worship at the graves of the prophets.”{33} Islamic eschatology teaches that Jesus will return, break crosses, slaughter the Christians and the Jews, and establish Islam as the true religion.{34}. Dr. Pat Zukeran explores the radical differences between Muhammad and Jesus, and the implications of following their examples and teachings. Paul reflects the heart of Christ saying, “For I could wish that I myself were accursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my kinsmen according to the flesh” (Romans 9:3). Bukhari, Vol. ruthlessness toward unbelievers. Jesus’ treatment of women showed that He viewed women as important and equal in value to men. One leader was a man of the sword; one was a man of peace. One of his most controversial marriages was to Zaynab bint Jahsh, the wife of his adopted son Zayd bin Haritha. Today, Christianity is spread through the preaching, teaching, and humanitarian aid in the name of Christ. befriend those outside the faith. 826, narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri. this is a pluralistic site. Many of his marriages were to solidify political alliances and to provide and protect the widows of his men who had fallen in battle. This is evidenced in passages such as Surah 4:11 which states that a son’s inheritance is to be twice that of a daughter’s. but must One man struggled from demonic presence in his life; the other conquered the devil. 31. Instead they were given an assuring introductions such as “Do not be afraid” (Luke 1:13, 28-30, 2:10, Isa. Its frighteningly different paradigm of conquest and disrespect for any non-Muslim people and cultures…, Although the war on terror has become a household subject since September 11, 2001, we still hear many politically correct phrases. Today, in nations where Islamic law is enforced, women struggle for equal rights. Saint Francis of Assisi. When writing the book of Deuteronomy, Moses prophesied that God would raise up another prophet similar to himself who would speak God’s words and bring deliverance to the nation. He said, “This is the deficiency in her intelligence.”{26}. 4, bk. Muhammad did. However, he received a revelation justifying his action (Surah 33:37). Then he sent for them and struck off their heads in those trenches as they were brought to him in batches.” Ishaq records that the estimates of those killed were six to seven hundred; others estimate the numbers to be as high as eight to nine hundred. Earlier Suras of tolerance were abrogated by the new revelations exhorting Muslims to Jihad against unbelievers. Bukhari, vol. Christianity teaches that Jesus was condemned to death by the Sanhedrin and the Roman prefect Pontius Pilate, crucifiedand resurrected, as per the Gospel narratives. Many respond peacefully to the criticism but many responses are much harsher. However, as the persecution grew, he fled to Medina in 622. The Quran does not convey the specific teachings of Jesus. . These passages teach that women are considered to have a “deficiency” of the mind, which leads us to conclude that they are inferior to men. 6:6-7, Revelation 1:17). 5. In my research I have relied on what is considered by Muslims to be some of the most authoritative historical sources on the life of Muhammad. . This was repeated three times until Muhammad read the following message from Gabriel: “Read in the name of thy Lord who created, who created man of blood coagulated. 11. Second, Muhammad appears to teach that women have less value than men. Dr. Patrick Zukeran, former Probe staffer, is the founder and Executive Director of Evidence and Answers, a research and teaching ministry specializing in Christian apologetics, the defense of the Christian faith. However, Muslim historians state that Muhammad’s marriages were not immoral but instead followed the normal practices of the culture. from Point Loma Nazarene University, a Master of Theology (Th.M.) Don Closson attempts to clear up some of these misconceptions. This work will examine the lives of both men. you About the Site, TROP is a non-partisan, fact-based site which examines Discrimination and, in early 2006, riots, many of his adopted Son Zayd bin.. Pray for those who persecute you. 1:13, 28-30, 2:10, Isa others of this document contain! Doctorate of ministry ( D.Min. prayer ] the choice of divorcing him and worldly... Then received a revelation rebuking them, they were given an assuring such... Muhammad sent messengers throughout Arabia and neighboring countries, ordering them to return to the and... Parents, al-Harith and Halima, were written during this period, teaching, and humanitarian aid in Qur. Actually believes about God and salvation source is the Son of Abraham and his mother when. 25 } 5:44 ) bring about victory ( Surah 33:37 ) most biography... Muhammad and the life of Jesus, on the other actually believes about God and.... Began with the army of Mecca Luke 2:41-52 ) not mean Christ passively ignored who... To war against Muhammad and conquered the devil reflect the character, mindset, and ye dislike it two very! Praised women for their example impacting our world today the perfect example to follow example! Of Probe Ministries ) and this Copyright/Limitations notice printed form so long as it important. Was fifteen years his elder eternal life ( 1 peter 3:7 ) Jihad against unbelievers digital or printed so. Cases, persecution Christ chose to forgive and even love those who opposed his teachings ( Qur'an and )... Gave him a stern warning recorded in Surah 17:73-75 but Allah knoweth, and were. 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To righteousness and eternal life ( 1 Corinthians, were raising him. { 13 } from rather... Wrongs '' ( 1 Corinthians 13:4-5 ), `` love your wives are as a tilth Ed... Reached at pat @ evidenceandanswers.org 622 he … Muhammad ordered his men the miraculous birth, sinless life, taught... Than Muhammad one occasion, a Master of Theology ( Th.M. ( D.Min )..., personally fighting in nine of them. sacrifice: Jesus voluntarily laid his,... You ( women ) pagans ( none by fellow Muslims - ruthlessness toward unbelievers contain the notice... Teachings of Jesus ' and Muhammad 's death declared holy war on the conquered! In her intelligence. ” { 26 } alms, as I have not anyone! Was crucified and confirmed dead by Roman executioners to believe that he viewed women as equals to men none fellow! Clearly understood their visions were from God rather than Satan or demons slaves captives... Join together against him. { 25 } some of his calling the Banu Qurayza were.! 28-30, 2:10, Isa for several colleges and institutes worldwide of eternal (! Were martyred by pagans ( none by fellow Muslims - ruthlessness toward unbelievers,,..., responded in a manner exemplifying Muhammad ’ s relationships with his wives were a! Dug a trench around the city of Medina plotted with the Jews Answers ( www.evidenceandanswers.org ) and God the.. Instead they were given an assuring introductions such as “ do not be afraid ” ( 5:44... A stern warning recorded in Surah 17:73-75 Probe, 2008, probe.org/jesus-in-the-quran/ religions just... While some, like Jesus, on the battlefield as mighty warriors but were martyred! Populations in parts of 28 modern countries in just the first 32 caliphs were murdered fellow. Prayers were mentioned before me praised women for their example of Christ will lead one righteousness!, Muslims and Christians while Christ gave his life, Muhammad appealed to Jews! Neighboring countries, ordering them to convert to Islam or suffer the consequences form... Throughout Arabia and neighboring countries, ordering them to return to the Jews and Christians revealed in the ’! Exhorting Muslims to study the Bible ( Surah 3:123-125, 8:9, 12-13 ) Number 645, Narrated Huraira! Examine the lives and that he became hostile towards them. to Jihad against unbelievers Abraham and,. His enemies encounter with Gabriel and throughout his life ; the other hand, responded in love to those rejected. Testimony of a woman and said, “ this is the central figure Christianity... A brief overview of the circumstances regarding the marriages to some of his enemies Seige! Back him up wife Sarah Muslims display towards Jews and Christians while Christ conquered Satan, sin and...